What Causes Dark Circles and How to Get Rid of Them?

Dark circles

One of the annoying issues that many of us face is dark circles. These annoying under-eye shadows can make you look worn out, older, and less youthful, which can lower your self-esteem as well as your physical appearance. You can eliminate this issue and enhance your appearance by learning about the various causes and practical treatments. Finding the best solutions begins with understanding the underlying causes of dark circles. To learn everything about this issue, continue reading.

Understanding Dark Circles

Dark circles, also known as periorbital hyperpigmentation, are those unsightly, often bluish or brownish patches that appear beneath the eyes. They can range in intensity from faint shadows to dark and pronounced rings, covering your face with a tired veil.

Common Causes of Dark Circles
  • Genetics

One of the main causes of this issue is a genetic predisposition. If your family has a history of dark circles, you may be genetically inclined to develop them as well.

  • Skin Pigmentation

Melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color, may sometimes be overproduced in some people’s skin around their eyes. This can result in dark circles, even if there are no other causes.

  • Aging

As we age, the skin under our eyes changes. It gradually dries out, exposing the blood vessels beneath, which eventually causes dark circles to appear.

  • Thin Skin

The skin around the eyes is thinner than the skin on the rest of the face, making it more susceptible to showing blood vessels and underlying tissues. When blood vessels near the skin’s surface become enlarged or congested, they can produce a purple or bluish appearance, leading to dark rings under your eyes.

  • Lack of Sleep

A well-known cause of this issue is insufficient sleep. As a result of insufficient or disturbed sleep, blood vessels may enlarge and the area under the eyes may darken.

  • Allergies

Allergic reactions can induce inflammation, causing the skin under the eyes to become puffy and discolored. Common allergens include pollen, dust, and pet fur.

When we are under stress, our bodies produce cortisol, a hormone that causes blood vessels to constrict. This can lead to poor circulation and an accumulation of blood under the eyes.

  • Excessive Sun Exposure

Overexposure to UV rays can increase the production of melanin in the skin, which can cause pigmentation problems, including dark circles.

  • Dehydration

Dehydration can cause the skin to lose its natural moisture, giving the area around the eyes a dull appearance that can emphasize dark circles.

  • Sinus Congestion

Sinus congestion is a medical condition that can contribute to the formation of dark circles. When the sinuses become clogged, blood flow is restricted, resulting in poor circulation and the appearance of dark rings.

  • Iron Deficiency

Iron is required for the formation of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen to the body’s tissues. When iron levels are low, the skin can appear pale and translucent, highlighting shadows under the eyes.

Remedies for Dark Circles
  • Cucumber Slices
Cucumber Slices On Eyes

Cucumbers have a high water content and a cooling effect, which can help reduce puffiness and soothe the skin. Simply slice a cucumber and place the slices over your closed eyes for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this process daily for best results.

  • Topical Treatments

Look for eye creams containing ingredients such as vitamin C, hyaluronic acid, and retinol. These components are known to improve skin texture, promote collagen production, and reduce pigmentation, all of which help reduce the appearance of dark circles.

  • Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress to your eyes can provide immediate relief by constricting blood vessels and temporarily reducing the appearance of dark circles.

  • Adequate Sleep

Set a regular sleep schedule as a top priority and aim for 7-9 hours of good sleep each night. This provides time for your body to heal and renew the skin.

  • Tea Bags

Tea’s natural caffeine content and antioxidants can help reduce inflammation by tightening blood vessels. Steep two tea bags in hot water for a few minutes, then remove them and let them cool in the refrigerator. Once chilled, place one tea bag over each eye for 10-15 minutes.

  • Allergy Management

Aim to manage allergic reactions by identifying the allergens that cause them. Dark circles can be significantly reduced by reducing under-eye inflammation.

  • Sun Protection

Protect your eyes from harmful UV rays whenever you go outside by wearing sunglasses and sunscreen.

  • Rosewater

Rosewater has hydrating and calming qualities that can lighten the skin and help with puffiness reduction. Soak cotton pads in rosewater and place them over your closed eyes for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this process daily to see improvements.

Consume a lot of water throughout the day to keep your hydration optimal. Well-hydrated skin is more durable and less prone to dark circles.

  • Dietary Changes

Include foods high in antioxidants in your diet, such as berries, leafy greens, and citrus fruits. These foods can promote skin health and reduce oxidative stress.

Professional Treatments for Severe or Persistent Dark Circles
  • Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are frequently used to treat volume loss and hollows under the eyes. These fillers contain hyaluronic acid, which can plump up the under-eye area and reduce the appearance of dark circles. The procedure involves injecting the filler into specific areas to restore volume and create a more refreshed look.

  • Chemical Peels
Chemical Peels

Chemical peels can also be effective in treating. These peels use a combination of acids to remove dead cells from the skin and promote cell turnover. This can help reduce pigmentation, improve skin texture, and diminish the appearance of dark circles. It’s important to consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional to determine the most suitable peel for your skin type and concerns.

  • Laser Treatments

Laser treatments use focused laser energy to break up pigmented cells and stimulate collagen production. This can help lighten the skin and make dark circles less visible. Laser treatments should always be performed by a qualified professional.

Dark Circles and Puffy Eyes

Dark circles and puffy eyes are two common concerns about the appearance of the eyes, and they frequently occur together. Here’s an explanation of each:

  • Dark Circles: Dark circles under the eyes typically appear as dark, discolored areas beneath the lower eyelids. Numerous factors, such as genetics, thinning skin, blood vessel visibility, and lifestyle elements like insufficient sleep, allergies, or excessive sun exposure, can contribute to their development.
  • Puffy Eyes: The appearance of puffy eyes is brought on by swelling or puffiness around the eyes. Swelling can be caused by fluid retention, allergies, sinus problems, fatigue, and even genetics.
Prevention of Dark Circles
  • Healthy Lifestyle

Adopt a holistic approach to wellness by eating a balanced diet, engaging in regular exercise, and learning effective stress management. A healthy lifestyle can do wonders for your skin.

  • Gentle Skincare

Be gentle when applying skincare products around the eyes. The skin in this area is delicate and can easily become irritated.

  • Limit Alcohol and Caffeine

Excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption can disrupt sleep patterns, making it essential to consume them in moderation to prevent dark circles.

  • Manage Underlying Health Conditions

Conditions like eczema and asthma can cause dark circles. Effective treatment of these underlying medical conditions may help to solve the issue. 


Dark circles under the eyes can be a frustrating and difficult issue to deal with, but by understanding the causes and effective treatment options, you can reclaim a fresh and radiant appearance. By taking preventive measures and incorporating a comprehensive skincare routine, you can not only get rid of dark circles but also promote overall wellness and confidence. 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • Why do I have dark circles?

Dark circles under the eyes can result from a combination of factors, including genetics, thin skin, blood vessel visibility, lack of sleep, allergies, dehydration, sun exposure, aging, and lifestyle choices like smoking and alcohol consumption. You can lessen their occurrence by identifying and treating the particular causes of your situation.

  • Are dark circles permanent?

Dark circles are typically not permanent and can be managed with the right care and lifestyle changes.

  • Do dark circles go away?

Dark circles under the eyes can improve and become less noticeable with proper care and lifestyle changes, but complete elimination depends on the underlying causes.

  • Can makeup completely cover dark circles?

Makeup can provide temporary coverage for dark circles, but it’s essential to address the underlying causes for a more long-term solution.

  • Can dark circles be a sign of a serious health condition?

While dark circles are usually harmless, they can occasionally indicate underlying health issues. If they do not improve with home remedies, see a doctor.

  • How long does it take to see results from eye creams?

Results from eye creams can vary, but you can generally expect to see improvement within a few weeks of consistent use.

  • Can I get rid of dark circles naturally without any products?

Yes, some natural remedies like cold compresses, cucumber slices, and adequate sleep can help reduce dark circles, but results may take longer compared to using specialized products.

  • How to Remove Dark Circles in 2 Days?

It is difficult to significantly reduce dark circles in just two days. However, you can temporarily lessen their appearance by applying concealer, cucumber slices, tea bags, cold compresses, and water hydration.

  • What deficiency causes dark circles?

Numerous things, including genetics, insufficient sleep, allergies, vitamin deficiencies (such as vitamins K, C, and E), dehydration, and aging, can result in dark circles under the eyes. 

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